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The Marvelous 44!

Though history depicts Africans throughout America’s past as slaves, who built America’s roads, and bridges, and augmented its cotton, rice, and tobacco economies, only as servants of involuntary servitude, blacks actually contributed in many noble projects. Interestingly enough, blacks lived in Mexico, and migrated to California to help develop and establish it alongside other races———a rich legacy from which blacks have been excluded in the annals of “popular” history and the courts of both public opinions and consciousness(intellectual). 75 % of the founders of Los Angeles were Black!!

As a resident of California, which is one of, if not, the most heavily Latino populated state in America,  one is besieged by an array of “propaganda” asserting that the Latino community is both exploding and it is poised to “reshape” the political arena. These assertions may be true. However, I have discovered that the Latino race did not and develop Los Angeles, by themselves, as propagandists would have one to believe, but in fact, had help from Indians, mestizos. Mulattos, Philippinos, whites, and blacks. (1)

Interestingly enough, some people, myself included, feel that a conspiracy, whose mission is to distort history and blind people to the founders’ identity, exists to hide the truth behind a veil of culturalism and racism. This feeling is exemplified in the work entitled, The Founders of Los Angeles, by John M. Weatherwax, published by Oxford Press, Hollywood, in 1954(9). Mr. Weatherwax said, ‘The overwhelming majority of the original founders of Los Angeles were Negroes. This submerged, hidden, suppressed fact (for fact it is) is well-embedded in the archives of Mexico, in the earliest records of Los Angeles, and in the writings of scholars and historians long ago. But today, and for generations past, every effort has been made to obliterate and destroy the record of this great accomplishment. But the record persists; the record is there. It covers with honor and glory the names of the forty-four first settlers of Los Angeles. And it shatters forever the hundred-year-long conspiracy of silence which sought to erase the memory of their names.’

In fact, historians have documented that out of the forty-four people that founded Los Angeles, twenty-six were of African heritage. This information has either been suppressed, or erroneously, left out of “popular” history books. Most people will look at you as if you are a psycho if you bring this little known fact to their attention. Alarmingly, some have become angry with me, and they have behaved as if they have been insulted. If one considers the manner in which the media and others have presented the “facts”, as if the latinos had a patent on founding LA ———by themselves——it is no wonder that one would behave in that manner.(2) I read a quote of Plato’s take on history once, and he said that “history is agreed upon lies”.I have heard that “the latinos have a rich history in the founding of LA”, and this is true, but the evidence documents that they have had a lot of multi-cultural friends that assisted them greatly.

There are murals; historical societies; web-sites; the Los Angeles Red Line Station “art program”; and a monument at Olvera Street in downtown Los Angeles, and an organization called Golden State Mutual Life, an insurance company, which have frozen time, and documented these facts.

Such documentations are viewable on murals by both, Mr. Charles Alston and Mr. Hale Woodruff, on the walls of Golden State Mutual, which Ramela G. Abbamontian, art history teacher of the Santa Monica based Bridge program, an educational society which teaches low income individuals, college accredited information. These murals depict blacks as not only,  people that helped build California, but also, discoverers, and establishers of Los Angeles. These murals shows blacks in different walks of life in California, both as laborers and business people engaged in various duties. Also shown, are blacks as entrepreneurs; such as freed slave, and self made business-woman Biddy Mason, who not only, bought her own freedom, but also, became a philanthropist and bought large amounts of land. In addition, the murals show that the first Christian buried in California, named Ignacio Ramirez,  was a black person. The pony express, much talked about in popular history is another example! Even here,  a black rider named George Monroe, an express rider, is depicted on the murals,  riding from Merced to Mariposa. In addition, blacks are also shown as being fundamental in the building of both the Hoover Dam and the San Francisco Bridge. As you can see, these accomplishments are great. Anyone in their right mind would feel pride belonging to such an ancestry. Conversely, society, if aware of these exploits by blacks, should, in my opinion view blacks in high regard. Yet armed with such information,  historians, the educational system, and the media, remains silent———————–this spells one word to me—–“conspiracy”.

This information about the murals, according to a booklet given to the Bridge program and its students, was compiled by Miriam Mathews, a librarian, and Titus Alexander, a black scholar’s expert, in a booklet called “Historical Murals”. (3)

Another artistic endeavor, which is captured on the walls as frescoes, in the MTA’s red line station art program, not only shows blacks as founders of LA, but it also said that the first Mayor was black as well———–26 people of African descent, and Pio Pico, respectively speaking.(4) Why isn’t this the rave of historians over doughnuts and coffee? But. Nooooooooo, the rave is Christopher Columbus and Santa Claus, right? It is not insanity. It is a well oiled misinformation and deniability machine that is working quite efficiently well against black interests!

At Olvera Street, in downtown Los Angeles, a plaque has been erected that also states the diversity of the founders’ genealogy. Strangely enough, when I was recording this information, passerbys, were either saying that the founders were “spanish”, or “whoa, it’s true”, black. It seems as if many people knew that a potential controversy was in our midst. One thing became clear to me. The historians as well as people today are very racially “conscious”, or biased. The plaque mentioned only one or two people as “negro”.  This type of blindness may lead one to say that a double consciousness existed then as it does today. Blacks were seen as either invisible or as very unnecessary, as the obvious documentable facts were not stated on the plaque. As a Negro, I felt that, per the dismissal of blacks as non-founders, by certain historians we are regarded, or viewed as null and void. But we see ourselves as dignified and as a very necessary part of America’s past and present. It is also, strangely enough, kept under wraps that black slavery did not begin with Anglo-Saxon America, as it was worldwide. Much longer than 400 years!!! This is a classic example of “The Other” dynamic, as history documents an ample amount of African blood present during the founding of LA,  but the plaque at Olvera Street is strangely misleading, as it states Negro presence only twice.

The reason that I chose this extremely interesting topic is to lasso elusive dignity and accomplishments that are of black origin—-not to diminish, cheapen, or pervert the accomplishments which Latinos have accomplished———and firmly tie it around the battered and at times reviled spirits and legacies’ of blacks. I have encountered opposition , as many people knew the truth of the 44 and have chosen to revile and villify me , as oposed to embrace the apparent truth—People of all colors can and have co-existed and have worked well together. There is only one reason, in my opinion,  why one would hate that fact and seek to hide it——racism.I have observed that many people love black culture, i.e., jazz, hair-styles (corn-row & dreadlocks), hip-hop music, rhythm & blues, just to name a few. As an African-American, I am proud and appreciative when people imitate art or ways of life from my culture. But I do not like when black culture or accomplishments are taken or “stolen” and all records from where it was acquired are seemingly lost or ignored, as this is the message I receive when the media or historians act as if they have some sort of a strategic memory loss——they know how to acquire and corroborate knowledge, except when that trail leads back to black people—–cultural racism.

In the Bridge class handout entitled, “Mapping”, page 7, 3rd paragraph, African American artist Adrian Piper, expounded further on the ramifications and consequences of cultural racism as such: ‘Cultural racism is damaging and virulent because it hits its victims in particularly vulnerable and private places; their preferences, tastes, modes of self-expression, and self-image…When cultural racism succeeds in making its victims suppress, denigrate, or reject these means of cultural self-affirmation —-the solace people find in entertainment, self-expression, intimacy, mutual support, and cultural solidarity—-, it makes its victims hate themselves.'(5) As It is a well oiled misinformation and deniability machine that is working quite efficiently well against black interests!

It is this self hatred which has threatened to topple the black race that I offends me and I am attacking it with this article.

Blacks see that society likes the image of blond, blue-eyed, aquiline features, and this is an image which society, at least, in my opinion, tries to brainwash blacks’ self concept—-you are inferior if you are different—-Therefore, blacks feel at times worthless, inferior, and I feel that other races view not only blacks but others as less than adequate if they are not mirrors of this afore mentioned, supposedly in some circles,  superior media or dominant demographic image. I feel no resentment towards images of blond, blue-eyed, and aquiline features. Sometimes one has to reiterate and repeat oneself, or the haters of racial coexistence will lurk, lying in wait in the shadows, and snatch the gullible, and continue, like a lion eating up , not only the truth, but also , any lives that present a threat to their incidious designs.

Interestingly enough, there are others who feel as I do. The late great civil rights leader, W.E.B Du Bois, writer of “Double Consciousness and the Veil”, wrote that “Blacks are seen as if in a double consciousness,  in which whites and the rest of society views them as inferior, sub-human, and second-class citizens, but simultaneously blacks see themselves in another way”. This view, according to Dubois, “is a veil, and it is, in fact, racism, and something that society is really practicing or hiding behind”.6

I know that these incidents happened a long time ago. Does that lessen the veracity of the event? Is truth negotiable or weaked, like medicine’s shelf life potency, over a period of time? Is it ok to have students learn half of the truth or outright lies?  I feel that truth is more than memory.  However, people remember when memory meant something. Remembering helps one to avoid doing the same things over and over again. One should not have to remind historians that one remembers the truth (so don’t try to seduce us with “sweet-talk” lies that impersonate the truth). This is a dangerous game—playing with  communities’ culture, and self respect.

This truth embraces Latinos, Blacks, Phillipinos, Indians, Whites, Asians—all people— and Mexican writer Carlos Fuentes speaks of history and its relationship to memory. He said, in the work entitled “Mixed Blessing,” as such:”……….The role of Latin America is ‘to restore some kind of tragic consciousness…to make the United States understand that memory counts—that there is history and that it does not renew itself every 24 hours when Dan Rather appears on the set.'”(7)  In other words like that horror show that was so popular years ago, “I STILL KNOW WHAT YOU DID LAST SUMMER”. The truth is not contingent on propagandas or popularity contests—-or pigmentation, race, religion, sex, gender, or creed. As I previouslysaid,  the scope of my work is to lasso lost dignity.My realization of my stolen culture is not a racist “acting out” tantrum! Blacks must have their heritage recorded as fact, which  it is, and have it regarded as truth, as all history is supposed to be regarded——as truth. History should not be stated per the whims of racists.

Our black, or negro history or heritage, is not an excuse or opportunity to emasculate or diminish or “marginalize” our race so that others can be seen in a more advantageous light.

According to William Mason, and Roberta Kirk Hart Mason, co-authors of, “The Founding Forty Four, which was printed in WestWays Magazine, July 1976, pp.20-23, “The average Angelino knows little or nothing about his cities founders. People suggest that he doesn’t care because he is most often a transplant, with roots still back east somewhere, separated from his city’s history by time, culture and language. (8) Still, we are a nation of transplants, and Angelinos know little about their early history because little has been written. One of the reasons for this is that the city’s founders were non-white. Two of the forty-four people who actually participated in the founding of the pueblo were Spaniards, while twenty-six had some degree of African ancestry, ranging from two who were considered purely African to a few who were one-quarter African. Fourteen were Indians, and five were Indian-white mixtures. Since this ethnic tally has coincided with California’s mythical Castilian heritage, most writers during the late nineteenth and early twentieth  century’s found little to say about Los Angeles’ founders, aside from occasional quips about racial diversity. Some have even said they went elsewhere since it would be improper to suggest that they left descendants.”  This is also a clear case of blacks and the other minorities being labeled as “the other”, and being seen, as W.E.B.Du Boise had saidfrom a perspective of “double consciousness”, because the historians knew the identity of those people’s races, but ambiguously left history seekers  to fend for themselves—–check like sleuths, knock yourselves out and and find out their geneology.In fact the words that I have used such as mestizoes, mulattos, etc are the exact—verbatim—-words used on the plaque itself. It does not say there were 26 descendants of black heritage once! It does not give their occupations or history. Luckily …Mr. and Mrs. Mason became writers and there was a magazine called the WestWays. The couple explained the historical scenario and the genealogical complexity further.

The writers, William and Roberta Mason, also said that these people had been chosen, as Spain wanted to bolster its forces, as the American Revolutionary War raged forth. These people were regarded as superior stock and not slaves or inferior. The Masons further asserted, in this same article in WestWays magazine, “In any case, it would be well to view the founders of Los Angeles as valid components of their society, rather than the outcasts they have been considered. They were not, as has been alleged, considered inferior to the presidia inhabitants. Presidio and pueblo were constantly exchanging personnel. Sons of farmers joined the army; soldiers retired and became farmers. Twelve families left Alamos, Sonora, in February 1781, recruited by the government to found an agricultural settlement in California. Eleven of these families arrived at San Gabriel in June and July of the same year in at least two contingents. They were sent first to Loreto in Baja California to San Luis Bay and by land to San Diego and San Gabriel, where they assembled in preparation for the founding of their new settlement. Perhaps the families were put to work clearing land for the plaza or the fields at the request of Governor Neve, as he was most anxious to have the pueblo founded and producing grain.”

Interestingly enough, some people, myself included, feel that a conspiracy, whose mission is to distort history and blind people to the founders’ identity, exists to hide the truth behind a veil of cultualism and racism. This feeling is exemplified in the work entitled, The Founders of Los Angeles, by John M. Weatherwax, published by Oxford Press, Hollywood, in 1954(9). Mr. Weatherwax said, ‘The overwhelming majority of the original founders of Los Angeles were Negroes. This submerged, hidden, suppressed fact (for fact it is) is well-embedded in the archives of Mexico, in the earliest records of Los Angeles, and in the writings of scholars and historians long ago. But today, and for generations past, every effort has been made to obliterate and destroy the record of this great accomplishment. But the record persists; the record is there. It covers with honor and glory the names of the forty-four first settlers of Los Angeles. And it shatters forever the hundred-year-long conspiracy of silence which sought to erase the memory of their names.’

Mr. Weatherwax also said that Spain needed California, as did also the writers the Masons, to get strengthened, as England might attempt to take it. Weatherwax asserted, in the afore mentioned manuscript, that “King Carlos III of Spain, with a warship base at Manila, needed a naval base on the California coast. To defend California from seizure by England or Russian forces, he needed more Presidios (garrisons) along the Coast. To feed the soldiers at these garrisons he needed several agricultural communities in Upper California.”  In other words, as has already been said he needed people to come down from Mexico to do this. These people were the founders. Other important people and events occurred at this time in California, but my focus is on the founders of it and thus I will keep my focus on them. (10)

Strangely enough, there appears to be shame in being of African heritage, as some shun the apparent truth of it. I feel that this may be due to the media and some in the world who have perpetuated inferiority feelings from the dynamics of “the other” and the view generated from the eyes of those in “power”——a manifestation of Du Bois’s’  “double consciousness”——people have seen themselves thru the eyes of the oppressors and they are not at all in love with the concept of being viewed as a sub-human, or inferior person (black, nigger, coon, etc). Imagine the “oppressor’s chagrin when the other became the most powerful human on the planet—–President Obama. It’s kind of hilarious to me!These feeling also coincide with the binary titles that are delegated to the others as well.

This brings to my mind an argument that my sister and I had as children. We argued over the sum of $1200—I said it was $1,200 and she said that it was $1200. My mom said “my God can’t you even get along over something that minor?!–………You’re both right”.  We became friendly and we dropped our argument after we became educated about the sum.  Similarly, I feel that people need to get educated about the founders. The truth aint goin NOWHERE.

First of all, if a person is of African descent, society considers that person to be a black person. People know that many people practice systematic (legalized-common-law) racism. They do not want to get treated like scum, as a member of that sect that catches hell for being born Negro. Many intelligent people know that a powerful entity, called America, practices this metamorphosis of people, ALCHEMIZING, changing them into sub-humans, in the name of democracy. Is it any wonder that many are afraid of being labeled what in fact they are——-descendants of Africans—–and in fact feel more comfortable and safe saying that they are of Spanish descent, or Indian, or bi-racial? As the late great raggea singer Peter Tosh once sang, ‘If you are black, you ARE an African’.. ok?

The bottom line is that it has been proven that blacks and Mexicans have lived together and worked together—miscegenation—–for hundreds, if not thousands of years. The oppressors, in my opinion have elicited a response in the others, of course, to practice cultural abdication, as well as self abdication, and re-invent themselves as enemies, and strangers. This phenomenon has not only strained racial ties among blacks and Latinos, but also among whites, Asians, and phillipinos, as well as all races. If the others would allow themselves to be educated they would not hate themselves or their history, as they would see themselves for who they are———dignified children of god, with a great culture and a long and fabulous heritage—–as opposed to one that resides in the caste system of “the other”—reviled, despised, disenfranchised, an animal, a sub-human, etc.

Therefore, I feel that the mission of educators and those that paint and do murals and those that write or philosophize,or model, sing, etc,  are to educate people that their differences really point to their similarities————–everyone is related. If one person that one is related to, for some reason did not come to exist along the RNA DNA chain to make them, they would not be here today!!

Think about it. Don’t let strategic and opportunistic closet and overt racists win in this miracle thing called LIFE.Let intellectual freedom ring. Blacks, as well as every other persons on this planet, have done much more than slavery work. Or, the message from the street will suffice as well—Hate a hater back!!!!!!..But “hate” using your intellect as ammunition; and do not glorify stupidity and ignorance, while raging against truth and reality, as if it were some glorious deity enabled charm. That is a dead end road. Or is it a dead head role?

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. www.cityofla.org/elp/guide/felipe.htm(The public art of Los Angeles- El Pueblo de Las Angeles

2…www.cityofla.org/elp/guide/felipe.htm(The public art of Los Angeles- El Pueblo de Las Angeles

3. This information about the murals, according to a booklet given to the Bridge program and its students, was compiled by Miriam Mathews, a librarian, and Titus Alexander, a black scholar’s expert, in a booklet called “Historical Murals”.

4.Another artistic endeavor, which is captured on the walls as frescoes, in the MTA’s red line station art program, not only shows blacks as founders of LA, but it also said that the first Mayor was black as well—————————–26 people of African descent, and Pio Pico, respectively speaking.

5. Adrian Piper-In the Bridge Program, Santa Monica based educational society-class handout entitled, “Mapping”, and page 7, 3rd paragraph.

6. W.E.B.DuBoise, Double Consciousness and the Veil, an excerpt given in a handout by the Bridge Program, Santa Monica based educational society.

7. Carlos Fuentes, Mixed Blessing, page 8, 2nd paragraph, hand out of The Bridge program, Santa Monica based educational society.

8. According to William Mason, and Roberta Kirk hart Mason, co-authors of, “The Founding Forty Four, which was printed in Westways Magazine, July 1976, pp.20-23, “The average Angelino knows little”

9. The entitled, The Founders of Los Angeles, by John M. Weatherwax, published by Oxford Press, Hollywood, in 1954.

10. The entitled, The Founders of Los Angeles, by John M. Weatherwax, published by Oxford Press, Hollywood, in 1954.

 

Written by

I was born in Fountainbleu in Paris France to an army family. My father ,Ruben Smith, and my mother Nancy Smith, worked for the Army and as a school teacher in France, respectively.We are originally from the South. My father’s people from Misissippi and Alabama and my mom’s from South Carolina. I am an avid sports fan and I attended and played sports----football, wresting, and track----- at Bishop England High School, in Charleston, South Carolina; my mom chose both a Catholic high school and an elementary school, Immaculate Conception, for my sister and I. Initially, I wasted a lot of time in school pursuing sports and partying but nevertheless,I went to the College of Charleston, The University of South Carolina, where I majored in Journalism, Advertising and Public Relations, with a minor in Theatre and Speech. I finally graduated from The University of Redlands, in Redlands, CA with a degree in business management. I managed to get into SAG-AFTRA, mostly as an extra, but I have done an occasional speaking stint here and there—CD-ROMs, experimental and industrial films, and voice overs in radio. My most recent endeavor was playing a doctor on "Grey's Anatomy". I like horror, love, thrillers, and I like to read. Weightliftingand jogging are some of my hobbies also. Interestingly enough, my family prepared me for a life on the move, as I have been to every state in The USA except for Alaska and Hawaii. I have an older sister who chose the teaching profession and is doing quite fine. What was i like as a child? Well I tend to think that I existed and flourished within "a culture of hate"--------however South Carolina has ceased and desisted with both "The jim Crow Laws' and flying the Confederate Flag------------I witnessed "colored only" bathrooms, and was in establishments where the Klan showed up. I stayed at hotels where my family and I found pounds of raw CHITTERLINS---hogs guts----- at our doorstep!! But don't get me wrong, as despite these ugly truths about the South, I grew up with some very cool whites, mexicans, Filipino's and other races. But it is what it is. It has Metamorphosized into being a cultural and real estate melting pot, as many from other states are recently flocking there for the cheaper home prices, very stable, safer lifestyle and "bible belt" mentality, and affordable education. I too have Metamorphosized , as I am not the militant little athletic, and partying freak I used to be and have settled into writing for Cold Heat News and assisting We Care for Humanity with their charitable functions. Consequently, I am pretty much a normal army brat who has realized that life is what you make it and people and things are subject to change. So change with life and let by gones be by gones. My dad has since passed away, and my mom and sister and most of my cousins are still alive, but their positive,significant influence, along with the impact my elementary and high school friends have had on me continues on;infact, I believe, where it not for my childhood friends, my high school football Coach Jack Cantey and occasional teenage battles with my dad, I would have become a gang member! Thus my personal manifesto is, Live hard, party when it is time, and utilize both education, and Love for God, and know that FAMILY AND FRIENDS are most important;They're one's conduit for a viable and happy life. ALSO, A FRIEND IN NEED IS A FRIEND---NOT A "FAIR WEATHER"------INDEED.

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